From drawing a huge portrait of Chairman Mao hanging from the Tiananmen Gate, to participating in the design of the National Emblem, the emblem of the Political Association, and the Young Pioneers team flag; from the overall design of the second, third, and fourth sets of RMB parcels, to the design of the Communist Youth League flag, The People's Liberation Army Medal of August 1st, the Medal of Independence and Freedom, the Medal of Liberation, and the Marshal's uniform; from the 1950 to 1967 Beijing National Day Parade Honor Guard, the overall design of the arts and military forces, the second to the fourth National Games large-scale gymnastics background and other overall artistic design , To design China's earliest theme cultural tourism park-"Shenzhen Splendid China" and "Chinese Folk Culture Village"; from designing the "Shaoshan" embroidery painting screen for the Hunan Hall of the Great Hall of the People, the historical oil painting "May 4th Movement of the Chinese Revolutionary History Museum" ", Etc., to the creation and design of a large number of stamps, posters, murals and other public art works that reflect the image of the country. No matter what qualifications an artist has, it can be said that he can participate in the completion of any important artistic creation that is closely related to the national image. The designer (or participating designer) of these works of art is the same person. He is the 100-year-old artist Zhou Lingzhao from Pingjiang, Hunan, who was selected as the "most beautiful struggle" on the eve of the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China.
Mr. Zhou Lingzhao is an outstanding modern Chinese artist, design artist and art educator. He was born in Pingjiang County, Hunan Province in 1919. He attended the Central China Academy of Fine Arts and Wuchang Academy of Fine Arts in his early years. During the Anti-Japanese War, he participated in anti-Japanese propaganda activities in the Hunan Anti-Japanese Painting Society in Changsha, the Third Hall of the Political Department of Wuhan, and the five teams in the Anti-Japanese Drama. After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan, he taught at the National Academy of Fine Arts in Peiping, and served as a professor at the Central Academy of Fine Arts after the founding of the People's Republic of China. Known as "national image designer", "pioneer of public art", "the first person in new Chinese design", he has made outstanding contributions to the design of new Chinese art and visual image. In 2012, he was awarded the 10th Achievement Award for Performing Arts by the Chinese Federation of Literary and Art Circles. On August 30, 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in an important reply to eight old professors from the Central Academy of Fine Arts such as Zhou Lingzhao: "For a long time, you have worked hard, dedicated to teaching and educating, and focused on artistic creation, which has made important contributions to the party and the people. Contribution. In your old age, you did not change your mind, and you still care about the successor training of your motherland. Especially Zhou Lingzhao and his comrades who are nearly one hundred years old still pursue the unremitting pursuit of aesthetic education and art development. He was awarded the title of "Most Beautiful Struggle" by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the Central Propaganda Department. In the same year, he was awarded the honorary title of "Lifelong Achievement Artist of China Federation of Literary Arts".
This year is the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, and it is also the 100th birthday of Mr. Zhou Lingzhao. According to the Hunan Federation of Literary and Art Federation work, the Hunan Art Museum is in the Central Academy of Fine Arts, China Artists Association, Hunan Provincial Museum, Hunan Fine Arts Publishing House, and Mr. Zhou Lingzhao. With the strong support of his relatives and other parties, after careful preparation, the "The Most Beautiful Struggle-Zhou Lingzhao Centennial Art Exhibition" was used as the only exhibition of personal artworks in the opening year of the Hunan Museum of Art, with more than 200 works of art and art documents. , A more detailed presentation of the passionate and creative artistic life of this centenary artist. These precious art works and documentary historical materials not only show Mr. Zhou Lingzhao's outstanding artistic achievements and lofty ideological character, but also carry the national memory, national spirit and infinite glory of the new era in New China.
On the occasion of New Year's Day and the Spring Festival in 2020, we would like to pay tribute to the 70th birthday of this new China! Tribute to the strugglers of the new era! Tribute to Mr. Zhou Lingzhao!
[Youth War Song]
In 1937, Zhou Lingzhao, a young man, joined the Hunan Anti-enemy Painting Society and embarked on a revolutionary road of art to resist Japanese salvation. He followed the troops and fought throughout the country, throughout southern China. In Wuhan, he participated in the mural painting of the "Anti-Japanese War" of the Yellow Crane Tower, and met Tian Han, Ye Qianyu, Feng Fasi, Li Keran, Luo Gongliu, Wang Shikuo and other famous artists in the future. In Guilin, he joined the "Comic Propaganda Team ", a group of popular cartoon works came into being; in Liuzhou, he participated in the five teams of the anti-enemy drama, propaganda pictures, stage art, and multiple roles of actors, singing the song of national salvation; in Dali, he was about to set foot The five teams of the anti-enemy drama in Upper Burma designed armbands and created a comic strip "One-armed Shih Tzu" based on personal experience.
In the first half of the 20th century, in the torrent of war and revolution, Zhou Lingzhao, as an art worker and as a beacon warrior, contributed his youth and wisdom unreservedly to national independence and national liberation.
[Styling for New China]
The founding of New China in 1949 opened a new chapter in Chinese history, and China's art career has also entered a new stage of development. In the early days of the founding of the People's Republic of China, Zhou Lingzhao, then a lecturer of the Department of Applied Fine Arts of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, participated in many important national image and logo projects: participating in the portrait of Chairman Mao on the Tiananmen Gate of the Founding Ceremony, participating in the design of the National Emblem of the People ’s Republic of China, the emblem of the Chinese People ’s Political Consultative Conference, The Chinese Young Pioneers team flags participated in the design of the second, third, and fourth sets of RMB, the Chinese People's Liberation Army's August 1st Medal, the Medal of Independence, and the Medal of Liberation ... His works have also become a classic symbol of the will and image of the new China. He draws nutrients from traditional culture and folk art, and has made outstanding achievements in posters, stamps, new years pictures, murals, illustrations, book covers, architectural decoration, and stage design.
As an artist, Zhou Lingzhao is one of the important designers of the national image of the People's Republic of China and one of the founders and practitioners of the aesthetic foundation and standards of the People's Republic of China. He breathed with the motherland, shared the same fate, consciously combined his personal ideals with the needs of the country, rooted in national traditions, opened up a new style of fine art belonging to New China itself, and practiced his life.
[Pictures of mountains and rivers]
Zhou Lingzhao's accomplishments in painting art cannot be ignored. He is good at portraying the great mountains and rivers of the motherland, integrating the characteristics of fun, life, folklore and tradition into his works, and exploring a unique painting path.
He went deep into the country to sketch and create. Whether it is the capital Beijing, or Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan, Guangxi, Guangdong and other places, his customs and aesthetic characteristics are shining in his pen. His watercolors are simple and fresh, and they penetrate into each other with transparent and translucent techniques. The techniques of oil painting and watercolor painting are dually applied, which is hearty. He combined the spirit of the times, national style, and personal style. He insisted on sketching. He traveled all over the country, filled with boundless love for the motherland, and put it on the screen. It can be said that he is a witness to the development of New China and a recorder of the good life of New China.
Zhou Lingzhao was born to the Wangs in Pingjiang, Hunan. The mountains of Fushou, Yingshanhong, and the ships that traveled thousands of miles along the Miluo River formed Zhou Lingzhao's first memories of his hometown. After the family moved to Changsha, he studied at Huazhong Art College and was instructed by teachers such as Chen Guozhao, Wang Zhongqiong, Lei Gongfu, Zhou Leicun, Zhang Yizun. Yue Lushan, Shuiluzhou, Zhongshan Hall, and Bajiaoting all left the young Zhou Lingzhao. Footprints and memories.
After 1935, Zhou Lingzhao became a swimmer out of the lake, struggling for a foreign land, and Hunan also became his birthplace, growth and artistic enlightenment. In the later years, he often returned to his hometown, no matter in sketching or thematic creation, he was full of affection in his paintings.
He and his wife Chen Ruoju are close companions in life, and they are partners in common in career. They together painted the portrait of Chairman Mao of the Tiananmen Gate of the Founding Ceremony in 1949. In 2006, they still worked together to create a huge long-roll "Ping Jiang Yong Liu Fang" for Pingjiang. Zhou Lingzhao has painted many life portraits for his wife and children. Whether sketch or watercolor, the warmth is like spring and the sweetness is like honey, showing Zhou Lingzhao's full image of tenderness.